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Current Affairs

Nirbhay missile successfully test fired

Date: 15 April 2019 Tags: Defence & Security

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test-fired long-range sub-sonic cruise missile 'Nirbhay'. It was fired from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, Balasore district of Odisha.

About Test

It was sixth developmental flight trial/test of this missile which was successful and meet all its mission objectives. Its last successful trial was conducted in November 2017 and was successful. Previous three of its five previous tests were unsuccessful to varying degrees.


  • It is India’s first indigenously developed Long Range Sub-Sonic Cruise Missile. It has been developed by DRDO.
  • It has blending of missile and aeronautical technologies, which allows it to take off vertically like missile and cruise horizontally at supersonic speed like an aircraft.
  • It is two stage missile, powered by solid rocket motor booster developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) of DRDO.
  • It has operational range of 1000 km and can carry warheads of up to 300 kg both conventional as well as nuclear warheads.
  • It has top speed of 0.7 Mach. It can be launched from various kind of platforms and is capable to engage several targets in a single flight.
  • It is capable of flying at different altitudes ranging from 100 m to 4 km above ground as it has two side wings. It can also fly at low altitudes (like low tree level) to avoid detection by enemy radar.
  • It is terrain hugging missile i.e. has loitering capability which enables it to encircle area of its target for several minutes and then hits bull’s eye’ on opportune time.
  • Its guidance, control and navigation system is configured around indigenously designed Ring Laser Gyroscope (RLG) and MEMS based Inertial Navigation System (INS) along with GPS system.
  • It is currently under development and undergoing flight trials. On induction, it will supplement role played by Brahmos missile for Indian Armed Forces by delivering warheads farther than the 450 km range of Brahmos.