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Current Affairs

Naga Accord peace process

Date: 27 September 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The interlocutor for Naga Peace Talks, R N Ravi resigned from the position. This came after he was transferred to Tamil Nadu as a governor.

 

Background

Ravi had disagreed openly with the insurgent group NSCN (IM), which forced the centre to rethink about him continuing in the post.

 

Details

  • The Naga peace process was part of a peace talk going on between Indian government and Naga insurgent groups.

  • This talk is being held since 1997 and will help in signing a Naga Peace Accord. The move will end one of the oldest insurgencies in India.

 

Start of the insurgency

  • The Naga insurgency and separatism is deeply rooted in Naga nationalism. Nagas never considered themselves part of British India.

  • When the independence was achieved, the Nagas declared themselves independent under the leadership of Angami Zapu Phizo and started an organization, Naga National Council.

  • Phizo formed the Naga Federal Government (NFG) and a Naga Federal Army (NFA) in 1952 to fight the Indian government.

  • The centre sent in army and enacted the Armed Forces (Special) Powers Act, or AFSPA to tackle the insurgency without much success.

 

End of insurgency

The government signed the Shillong Accord in 1976 with underground insurgent groups but the over ground members refused to accept it.

 

New movement

  • The NSCN separated from Naga National Council and continued its armed struggle for independence under the leadership of Isak, Muivah and Khaplang.

  • The NSCN further split into NSCN (IM) led by Isak- Muivah and NSCN (K) led by Khaplang. The NSCN (IM) is the biggest faction and currently has a ceasefire agreement with India.

 

Post ceasefire

The government and insurgents signed a framework agreement for Naga Peace. The relation between interlocutor Ravi and Naga group worsened after conclusion could not be reached.

 

Souring of relations

  • Ravi signed an agreement with seven groups of Naga National Political Groups (NNPGs), which excludes the NSCN (IM) but includes its rivals.

  • The NSCN (IM) expressed disappointment over the move and accused Ravi of dividing Naga civil society for gains.

  • Ravi accused NSCN (IM) of pushing the time line without signing a deal. He wrote a letter to Nagaland Chief Minister that talked about criminal activities undertaken by NSCN (IM).

 

Way ahead

  • IB official Akshay Mishra has been appointed temporary chairman of negotiation committee. He may soon formally take over.

  • Considering the complex nature of Naga issue, it will be difficult to achive breakthrough very fast. The government aims to slowly bring all sections to the table and find an acceptable solution.