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Current Affairs

INS Khanderi: Second Scorpene submarine ready for induction

Date: 18 March 2019 Tags: Defence & Security

Indian Navy will second Scorpene submarine INS Khanderi by end April or early May 2019. This submarine was launched in January 2017 and has completed all trials. It is now in final stages of acceptance. It is the second of six submarines being built at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), Mumbai under technology transfer from Naval Group of France as part of Project 75.

INS Khanderi

  • It is diesel-electric attack submarine of Kalvari-class. It is named after Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji's island fort Khanderi. Khanderi is also name for Tiger Shark.
  • Its state-of-the-art features include superior stealth and ability to launch crippling attack on enemy using precision guided weapon.
  • It can attack using torpedoes, as well as tube-launched anti-ship missiles, whilst on surface or underwater.
  • It can operate in all theatres, including the tropics. Its stealth features give it invulnerability and makes difficult for enemy to detect it.
  • It can undertake multifarious types of missions such as anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, intelligence gathering, area surveillance, mine laying etc.

Project 75

  • Under it, MDL Mumbai is manufacturing six Scorpene submarines under technology transfer from Naval Group of France under $3.75 billion contract signed in 2005.
  • Under it, 6 next generation diesel submarines are being built for Indian Navy. Entire project and induction of all submarines is expected to be completed by 2020.
  • These submarines are fitted with indigenously developed Air Independent Propulsion System (AIP) technology by DRDO for extended endurance.
  • The submarines are being built using modular approach in which different sections are built separately and later assembled on pontoon.

Progress of project

  • INS Kalvari was the first modern conventional submarine under this project to be inducted in service in December 2017.
  • The remaining submarines in the series are in advanced stages of manufacturing, assembling and sea trials.
  • The third in Scorpene series Karanj launched in January 2019 and is in advanced stage of trials and could be ready for induction by 2019 end.
  • Fourth submarine in series INS Vela is ready to be launched into water for trials by 2019 end.
  • The last two submarines INS Vagir and INS Vagsheer are in advanced stages of manufacturing on the assembly line.