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Current Affairs

HNLC militant group

Date: 03 February 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous


A low intensity blast recently occurred in the heart of Shillong, which has been claimed by outlawed Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC).



The state of Meghalaya is witnessing declining militancy and the recent blast was an effort by militant group to keep its presence felt.



  • The HNLC is a break-away faction of Hynniewtrep Achik Liberation Council (HALC). Its demand is a sovereign Khasi homeland in Meghalaya.

  • The HNLC aims to transform Meghalaya exclusively for the Khasi tribe and free it from ‘domination’ by the Garo tribe.

  • It also aims to fight against the presence of ‘outsiders’, as the Khasi youth are believed to be deprived of the fruits of development in the state.

  • The ‘Hynniewtrep’ refers to Khasi and Jaintia communities and ‘Achik’ refers to Garo groups. After the split, Achik National Volunteers Council (ANVC) represented Garo interests.


The fight

  • The top leadership of HNLC is based out of Bangladesh. In the 2000s, the group was involved in conducting bandhs, boycotting Independence Day, carrying out extortions etc.

  • Sustained counter-insurgency operations have led to decline of organizational strength. The ANVC has signed ceasefire agreement with government while HNLC has avoided.


Current status

  • The HNLC has tried to hold talks with the government but on their own conditions. This has prevented any fruitful development.

  • The top five leaders of HNLC are operating out of Bangladesh and currently have 19 cadres. They have been using social media to spread their influence.


Reasons for blast

  • The HNLC says that the blast was carried out to warn outsider traders to pay taxes. It was also used to avenge death of Cherishterfield Thangkhiew.

  • Cherishterfield Thangkhiew was the founding secretary of the group, who had allegedly retired and was killed during a police encounter.