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Current Affairs

China’s second bridge on Pangong Tso

Date: 26 May 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

China is building a second bridge on the Pangong Tso Lake, the Ministry of External Affairs has confirmed.

 

Background

The Pangong Tso Lake is one of the friction points between India and China along the LAC.

 

Details

The second bridge is a permanent structure that is being constructed to facilitate movement of armoured vehicles between the north and the south banks of Pangong Tso.

 

Location

  • The new bridge is located next to the recently constructed bridge. It is close to the friction areas on the north bank of the lake and the Chushul sub-sector on the south bank.

  • The bridge is around 20 km east of Finger 8 on the lake’s north bank. The LAC passes through the area, according to India.

  • It is close to an old ruin called Khurnak Fort, where China has major frontier defence bases. It is within a territory that is under China’s control since 1958.

  • India considers it as its own territory that is being illegally occupied by China. It is just west of India’s claim line.

 

Pangong Tso

It is endorheic 135-km long lake along the border with China. India controls around 45 km of Pangong Tso, while China has more than two-thirds.

 

Importance of construction for China

It will help in faster movement of troops, including mechanised forces, heavy weapons, and military vehicles from one side to another.

 

Reasons for construction

  • The long distance between north and south bank was used by India to outmaneuver PLA to occupy the heights of Kailash Range on the south bank of Pangong Tso.

  • Occupying Kailash ranges allowed India to dominate the strategically significant Spanggur Gap, which could be used by China to launch offensive.