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Current Affairs

Tulu speakers demand official language status

Date: 16 June 2021 Tags: Languages

Issue

Large number of people and organisations have started an online Twitter campaign demanding official language status to Tulu language in Karnataka and Kerala.

 

Background

The Government of India has accorded many languages the ‘official’ status. They have been enshrined under the Eighth schedule of the constitution.

 

Details

  • The Tulu language has a Dravidian origin and is spoken mostly in Udupi and Dakshin Kannada districts of Karnataka and Kasaragod of Kerala.

  • The latest census report suggested that there are about 18 lakh people speaking the language in India.

  • Scholars argue that Tulu is one of the earliest Dravidian languages in India with historical records dating back to 2000 years.

  • Tulu has been considered a highly developed language of the South-Indian language family by Robert Caldwell.

 

Demands made

The demand is majorly to accord the language an official language status and insert it into the 8th schedule of the constitution.

 

Culture of Tulu language

  • Tulu language has a rich literary tradition including folk literature as well as oral literature. Famous theatre art Yakshagana is also performed in Tulu language in some places.

  • Many movies and plays are produced in Tulu language. The government of Karnataka has added Tulu in school curriculum to be studied under third language.

 

8th schedule of the constitution

  • The languages under the eighth schedule are Assamese, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Hindi, Kannada, Konkani, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Maithili and Dogri.

  • It will allow the language to get recognition from the Sahitya Akademi. The language will be eligible to get literature awards.