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Current Affairs

Tripura’s Darlong community

Date: 05 April 2022 Tags: Indian Tribes

Issue

The Lok Sabha passed the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2022 to include Darlong community in Scheduled Tribes list.

 

Background

The Darlong tribes are inhabitants of Tripura and is a small community consisting of around 11,000 individuals.

 

Details

  • Despite their small population, the Darlongs have contributed in the fields of education, public service, music, art and culture.

  • Traditional music maestro and tribal musicologist Thanga Darlong has been a recipient of the Padma Shri award.

 

The Darlongs

  • Darlongs were considered a generic tribe under the Kuki community and were given tribal certificates as members of Kuki community.

  • They have been demanding separate tribal status since 1995 as the identity crisis started emerging among younger generation.

 

Tribes of Tripura

  • There are about 19 tribal communities in Tripura. The major groups include:

  • Tripuri, Brus, Jamatia, Noatia, Uchoi, Chakma, Mog, Lushai, Kuki, Munda, Kour, Oram, Santhal, Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimar or Sermai, Garo, Khasi, Lepcha and Halam.

 

Tribal identity

  • In Tripura, about 30 percent of population belongs to tribals. They live across all eight districts which cover 70 per cent of the state’s geographical area.

  • The tribals became minority in their own states after Bengali refugees started arriving in Tripura following partition.