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Current Affairs

Srinagar gets UNESCO creative city tag

Date: 11 November 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Srinagar has been included in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Creative Cities Network (UCCN).

 

Background

Srinagar becomes the sixth Indian city to achieve this distinction by joining the list of 295 creative cities network across the world.

 

Details

  • Currently, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Jaipur and Varanasi have been designated creative cities in India.

  • UNESCO had launched the Creative Cities Network in 2004 for promoting cooperation between cities that recognizes creativity as a major factor for urban development.

  • The goal of creative cities network is “placing creativity and cultural industries at the heart of their development plans at the local level and cooperating actively at the international level”.

 

The categories

  • The cities are recognised under seven categories such as Craft, Film Design, Folk Art, Gastronomy, Media Arts, Literature and Music.

  • The recognition for Srinagar is in the field of Crafts and Folk Arts. Jaipur also has recognition in the same category.

  • Mumbai has been recognised for film category, Varanasi and Chennai for music and Hyderabad for gastronomy.

 

Application for recognition

  • The application for recognition is sent to UNESCO through Ministry of Culture. This year Kolkata, Gwalior, Indore and Srinagar had applied to the ministry.

  • The ministry forwarded only the application from Gwalior and Srinagar to the UNESCO. Only Srinagar managed to get recognition.

  • This is not the first time Srinagar had applied for UNESCO creative cities network. The application of Srinagar was rejected in 2018.

 

Benefits

The UNESCO tag would give Srinagar global recognition and would also help in international funding, tie-ups with craft universities for marketing craft products.

 

Handicrafts industry

  • Handicrafts are the second-most source of income in Jammu and Kashmir. Handicrafts include embroidery, textiles, carpets, wood-works, silver-ware etc.

  • One such art is Papier-mâché, which involves creating colourful utility and decorative objects using paper pulp.

  • The world-famous Pashmina shawl is made from wool obtained from wild Asian mountain goat. Large number of women artisans are involved in handicrafts.