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Current Affairs

Shahid Diwas

Date: 18 February 2022 Tags: Historical Places

Issue

Chief Minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar has announced that February 15 would be commemorated as “Shahid Diwas”.

 

Background

It will be carried out in the memory of 34 freedom fighters killed by police in Tarapur town of Bihar’s Munger district 90 years ago.

 

Details

  • Tarapur massacre was the biggest one carried out by the British police after the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar in 1919.

  • It was also mentioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his monthly Mann Ki Baat programme.

 

Start of protest

  • Protest started after the hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. The collapse of Gandhi-Irwin pact resulted in arrest of major congress party leaders.

  • Local leaders decided that there was need for participation in the movement. A decision to hoist national flag was made.

 

The incident

  • A group of young freedom fighters planned to hoist an Indian national flag at Thana Bhavan in Tarapur on February 15, 1932.

  • Being aware of the plan, several officers were present at the spot. Despite the lathicharge, an individual managed to hoist the flag.

 

The atrocity

  • A large crowd started stone pelting on the police, injuring a police officer. The police open fired on the crowd, killing 34 people.

  • While 34 bodies were found at the spot, the actual number of people killed was larger. Only 13 of the dead were identified.

 

Government plans

The Chief Minister announced that 21 statues will be erected near the existing memorial, symbolizing the unidentified dead.