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Current Affairs

The saroop of Sikh Holy Book

Date: 26 August 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous


Union minister Hardeep Singh Puri carried a saroop from the airport when it arrived in India from Afghanistan along with evacuees.



  • The physical copy of Guru Granth Sahib is also known as Saroop. It is also called as Bir in Punjabi and consists of 1,430 pages.

  • The verse in every page of saroop remains the same. The Guru Granth Sahib is revered as a living Guru by the Sikhs and is respected.

  • The Guru Granth Sahib is considered to be eternal physical and spiritual form of all the 10 Gurus of Sikhism.


The start

  • The first Bir of the Guru Granth Sahib was compiled by the fifth Sikh guru, Arjan Dev in 1604. It was installed at the Golden Temple in Amritsar.

  • The Bir was compiled by the second and last time by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru in 1708. He declared it the living guru of the Sikhs.


What does Guru Grant Sahib contain?

The book consists of hymns composed by six Sikh gurus, saints such as Bhagat Ravidas, Bhagat Kabir and Bhagat Namdev, 11 Bhatts and four Sikhs.


Significance of carrying saroop

  • Rehat maryada is a code followed while transporting and installing a Guru Granth Sahib.  The transporting of Guru Granth Sahib is done by five baptized Sikhs.

  • The person should carry the book on head and should walk bare footed. Devotee should take off their footwear when the Bir passes by.

  • The Guru Grant is rested at night in a ‘Sukh Asan Sthan’. The Guru Granth is installed again in the morning in a ceremony known as ‘prakash’.


Copies of Guru Granth Sahib

  • Earlier, copies of the Granth were done manually by hand. Majority of handwritten copies existed before the British introduced printing press.

  • Publishing copies of the Granth is done by Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC). Old copies of Bir are brought to Goindwal Sahib for cremation.