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Current Affairs

Rani Gaidinliu

Date: 25 November 2021 Tags: Historical Places

Issue

The foundation stone for the ‘Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’ in Manipur’s Tamenglong was laid by Home Minister Amit Shah.

 

Background

The museum was sanctioned by Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India at a cost of Rs 15 crore in 2019.

 

Details

  • The museum will host various artifacts related to tribal freedom fighters who fought against the British during various phases of the freedom struggle.

  • The museum is at the conception stage and it will come up at Luangkao Village in Tamenglong district of Manipur, which is the birth-place of Rani Gaidinliu.

 

Rani Gaidinliu

  • She was the political and spiritual leader of the Rongmei tribe. She was born on 26 January 1915 in Tamenglong district of Manipur.

  • She joined the social, religious and political movement of religious leader and freedom fighter, Haipou Jadonang at the age of 13.

  • Jadonang belonged to the Rongmei tribe. He initiated the ‘Heraka movement’, based on ancient Naga customs and fought for Naga independence.

 

Association with freedom struggle

She took leadership of Heraka movement after the execution of Jadonang. The political revolution started by her, forced British to imprison her for life. She was released in 1947, 14 years after spending time in jail.

 

Legacy

  • Despite all the challenges, she displayed exemplary courage in fighting British. She was one among the few women political leaders.

  • The struggle undertaken by Rani Gaidinliu inspired many fighters to join freedom struggle. She is considered as a beacon of freedom movement in North-east.

 

Honours

  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru called Rani Gaidinliu as the “Daughter of the Hills” and gave her the title “Rani” or queen.

  • She was honoured with many awards such as Tamrapatra in 1972, Padma Vibhushan in 1982, Stree Shakti Puraskar in 1991 and Vivekananda Sewa Summan in 1983.

  • She was awarded Bhagwan Birsa Munda Puraskar in 1996 posthumously. A commemorative stamp was released in her honour.

  • A Fast Patrol Vessel named “ICGS Rani Gaidinliu” was commissioned by Indian Coast Guard in 2016 in her memory.

  • The government of India issued commemorative coins of Rs 100 and a circulation coin of Rs 5 in 2015 on her birth anniversary.