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Current Affairs

Raigad fort

Date: 09 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The four-day visit to Maharashtra by President Ram Nath Kovind commenced after a visit to the Raigad Fort.

 

Details

  • The Raigad fort is located in the Raigad district and stands 2,851 feet above the sea level. The fort was called at the Gibraltar of the East by early Europeans.

  • The most prominent feature of the fort is a mile of flat top that has adequate room for buildings. The fort had 300 stone houses and a garrison of 2,000 men during its prime.

 

Early history

  • The fort was known as Rairi and was the seat of Maratha clan Shirke in the 12th century. It changed hands multiple times.

  • The fort shifted allegiance from the dynasty of Bahaminis to the Nizamshahis and then the Adilshahis.

  • Chhatrapati Shivaji captured the fort from More’s of Javli, who were under the suzerainty of the Adilshahi Sultanate in 1656.

  • Capturing the fort allowed Shivaji to challenge the authority of the Adilshahi dynasty and opened new avenues for Konkan expansion.

 

Importance in Shivaji’s tenure

  • The name of the fort was changed officially to Raigad by Shivaji. He also added a large number of additional structures.

  • Shivaji made the announcement of a sovereign, independent state from Raigad. He was coronated at Raigad by Gagabhatt where he took on the title of Chhatrapati. Shivaji passed away in the fort in 1680.

 

Importance in Maharashtra’s polity

  • Shivaji is the tallest icon in the state. The fort associated with his life also has a critical place in the state’s politics.

  • The Maharashtra government is seeking the World Heritage Site tag for 14 forts, including Raigad. They want to include it under Maratha Military Architecture.