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Current Affairs

Mt Manipur

Date: 22 October 2021 Tags: Historical Places

Issue

The union government has renamed the historic Mount Harriet in Andaman and Nicobar as Mount Manipur.

 

Background

The renaming was conducted in order to honour the contribution of the Northeastern state in resisting the British.

 

Details

  • The resistance by the Manipuris to British rule was displayed during the historic 1891 Anglo-Manipur war.

  • After the end of the war, many Manipuris were captured and sent to British penal colony in the Andaman Islands. This also included the King of Manipur, Maharaja Kulachandra Dhwaja Singh.

  • The cellular jail in Andaman and Nicobar was yet to be constructed and thus the prisoners were kept on Mount Harriet.

  • Mt Harriet is a hillock which is located in the Ferragunj tehsil of South Andaman district. The prisoners were transported for life to the Andamans.

 

The Anglo-Manipur War of 1891

  • The kingdom of Manipur and the British were involved in the Anglo-Manipur War of 1891. It was fought for over a month.

  • The main reason for the battle was the British interference in state of affairs of the kingdom after a coup in the palace of Manipur.

 

Start of conflict

  • The King of Manipur named Surachandra as the heir to the throne. A rebel faction led by his brothers Kulachandra and Tikendrajit deposed him and made Kulachandra the King.

  • The deposed King Surachandra asked the British to help him to get back the throne. The British sent the Chief Commissioner of Assam for the mission.

  • The aim of the mission was to recognise Kulachandra the King of Manipur only if Tikendrajit was handed over to British and deported from Manipur. This was strongly opposed.

 

The consequences of War

  • During the first phase, the British surrendered and their officers were publicly executed. During the second phase, Manipur was attacked from three sides.

  • The Kangla Fort in Imphal was captured and Prince Tikendrajit along with four others was hanged. King Kulachandra was banished to Andamans.

 

Significance

  • Even though the British won the war, they lost five important officers. It was a big blow for their prestige.

  • The war came to be known as a part of general uprising against British rule in the country after the 1857 revolt of Sepoys.

  • The renaming of Mt Harriet was long due to recognise the role of Manipuris in opposing British rule in India.

 

Mt Harriet

  • Mt Harriet is the third highest peak of Andaman and Nicobar Island. It was the summer headquarters of the Chief Commissioner.

  • The mountain is named after Harriet Christina Tytler, who was a well-known British artist and photographer.