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Current Affairs

Martand Sun temple

Date: 12 May 2022 Tags: Holy Places

Issue

The ritual ceremony conducted by LG Manoj Sinha in Jammu & Kashmir’s Martand Sun Temple has violated ASI rules.

 

Details

  • Rule 7(1) of the 1959 Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains, states that meetings, receptions, parties, entertainment or conferences cannot be permitted at a protected monument without permission in writing from the Union government.

  • If the place was functional place of worship when it came under the jurisdiction of the ASI, then it would continue to be a place of worship.

 

The temple

  • Martand temple is dedicated to the Sun god of Hinduism. It is located near Anantnag in the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir.

  • It is known as Pandou Laidan and was commissioned by Lalitaditya Muktapida in the eighth century AD.

 

Architecture

  • The temple is built on top of a plateau from which whole of the Kashmir valley is visible. It is a mixture of Gandharan, Gupta and Chinese forms of architecture.

  • The temple complex has a main shrine surrounded by 84 smaller shrines. Various gods were carved in the antechamber of the temple.

 

Protection

The Martand temple has been declared as a site of national importance in Jammu and Kashmir by the Archaeological Survey of India.

 

Destruction

The temple was destroyed by Sikandar Shah Miri in an effort to Islamize the society. It was further degraded due to multiple earthquakes.

 

Karkota dynasty

  • The Karkota dynasty ruled over the Kashmir valley and some northern parts of the Indian subcontinent during 7th and 8th centuries.

  • Lalitaditya Muktapida was the greatest ruler of the dynasty. His empire extended to present-day Afghanistan and Central Asia apart from many parts of India.

  • The major source for information on the dynasty is Rajatarangini written by scholar Kalhana. Lalitaditya claimed to be a descendant of the mythical N?ga king Karkotaka.