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Current Affairs

Liverpool loses UNESCO World Heritage listing

Date: 27 July 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Liverpool lost its tag as one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites. Britain now has 31 UNESCO World Heritage sites instead of 32.

 

Background

The UK currently ranks eighth in terms of number of UNESCO World Heritage sites in the world.

 

Details

  • The tag of UNESCO World Heritage site was given to Liverpool for its ancient river side history. The tag has now been revoked after modern development along its riverfront.

  • The UNESCO committee has threatened to revoke the tag in 2012 if course correction was not taken. It now has implemented its threat.

 

UNESCO observations

  • Large scale infrastructure projects were being taken up near its waterfront. This included Liverpool Waters residential and office complex and Bramley-Moore Dock Stadium.

  • The tag of heritage status was given to Liverpool as “maritime mercantile city”. The destruction of these heritage sites will result in revoking its status.

 

Implications

  • The city will lose some of its appeal to tourists as heritage tag will add additional weight towards its publicity and appeal.

  • The city can however go ahead with modification and beautification projects without having to comply with UNESCO rules and conditions.

 

 Criteria for World Heritage sites tag

  • The site having an outstanding universal value is the main criterion for heritage site tag. The cultural sites are recommended by International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS).

  • The World Conservation Union (IUCN) is responsible for selecting natural heritage sites of the world. The UNESCO World Heritage Committee makes final decision after going through recommendations.