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Lachit Borphukan

Date: 01 March 2022 Tags: Historical Places


 The 400th birth anniversary celebration of Lachit Borphukan, the military commander of Ahoms was launched by President Ram Nath Kovind.



  • Lachit Borphukan led the Ahoms against the Mughals in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671. The battle prevented Mughals from taking back Assam.

  • Borphukan was expert in guerilla tactics, which he employed while dealing with the Mughal army in the battle.


Battle of Alaboi

The battle took place in 1669 in which Ahom forces were decimated by Mughals. The Mughals captured the Brahmaputra valley. The battle led to massacre of 10,000 Ahom soldiers.


Battle of Saraighat

  • It was a naval battle between Mughals (led by Raja Ram Singh I) and Ahoms (led by Lachit Borphukan) near Guwahati.

  • It is considered one of the greatest naval victories in history. The Brahmaputra river is least wide at the point, which made it a location for Mughal assault.


Significance of battle

The battle was the last attempt by the Mughals to expand their empire into Assam. Despite winning Guwahati later, they could not maintain their control for long.



  • The Lachit Borphukan Medal is presented to the best cadet of the National Defence Academy in honour of the great military commander.

  • November 24 is celebrated in Assam as Lachit Divas to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Ahom army at the Battle of Saraighat.