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Current Affairs

Kartarpur corridor

Date: 20 November 2021 Tags: Historical Places

Issue

The Central government has announced the re-opening of the Kartarpur corridor between India and Pakistan.

 

Background

The Kartarpur corridor is a visa-free stretch of 4.7 Km that connects Indian territory with Pakistan.

 

Details

  • The corridor joins Dera Baba Nanak in India with Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan, which is the final resting place of Sikhism founder Guru Nanak Dev.

  • The idea of the corridor first conceptualized in early 1999 by Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif during the bus diplomacy.

 

History

  • The Sikh commune was founded by Baba Guru Nanak Dev along the banks of river Ravi in Kartarpur. The Guru was laid to rest at the same place after his death in 1539.

  • During the partition, the Radcliffe award gave areas on the right bank of Ravi river, including Kartarpur to Pakistan.

  • Indian devotees were able to visit the place before 1965. During the war, the connecting bridge was destroyed and access denied.

  • Since opening of pilgrimage centres between the two countries, Indian devotees to Kartarpur had to make a bus journey from Lahore.

 

Advantages

  • Indian devotees can visit the shrine directly from India without having to cross into Pakistan by availing a Visa and complete a long process.

  • It will act as a tool of diplomacy between India and Pakistan by easing the tensions that have been persisting.