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Current Affairs

Guru Tegh Bahadur

Date: 22 April 2022 Tags: Historical Places

Issue

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will give an address from the Red Fort to mark the 401st birth anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh guru.

 

Details

  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was the son of Mata Nanki and Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh guru, who introduced the concept of warrior saints.

  • He was born on April 21, 1621 in Amritsar. In childhood, he was named Tyag Mal for his ascetic nature.

  • He studied Gurmukhi, Hindi, Sanskrit, and Indian religious philosophy along with archery, swordsmanship and horse-riding.

  • His bravery and fighting skills against the Mughals in the battle earned him the name of Tegh Bahadur. He was married to Mata Gujri.

 

The Ninth Guru

  • After the death of Guru Tegh Bahadur’s father Guru Ram Das, his son Har Rai became the Guru in 1644.

  • He was succeeded by Guru Har Krishan, who passed away at a young age. It is said that he nominated Guru Tegh Bahadur as the next guru before his death.

 

Conflict with Mughals

  • During the reign of Mughals, conversion was at its peak. People were forced to convert either through a government order or through coercion.

  • He opposed the tradition of worshipping at the graves of pirs and faqirs. His teachings became extremely popular with common people of the country.

  • He was arrested for the first time on fabricated charges of collecting revenue from villagers. Raja Ram Singh secured his release by convincing Aurangzeb of his innocence.

 

Martyrdom

  • When a group of Kashmiri Brahmins asked Guru to protect them from conversion, he told the group that rulers should first try to convert the guru.

  • This was considered as an open challenge to Aurangzeb’s authority. Guru travelled to Delhi and was subsequently arrested.

  • After Guru declined to convert to Islam, Aurangzeb ordered open execution. He was beheaded after torturing in Chandni Chowk area of Delhi.

  • Along with his three companions, the Guru laid down his life for protection of his people. Gurudwara Sis Ganj was built on the site on which they were executed.