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Tags Current Affairs

Maternity schemes reaches only one-third beneficiaries

Date: 19 November 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices

Issue

Programme to support lactating mothers and pregnant women by compensating them for loss of wages during their pregnancy has been able to reach less than a third of the eligible beneficiaries, according to research.

 

Background

The PMMVY is targeted only at women delivering their first child. A cash amount of 6,000 is transferred to the bank account of the beneficiary in three instalments upon meeting certain conditions including early registration of pregnancy.

 

Details

  • Almost 61% of beneficiaries registered under the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) between April 2018 and July 2019 (38.3 lakh out of the total 62.8 lakh enrolled) received the full amount of 6,000 promised under the scheme.

  • Since the scheme failed to reach at least 49% of all mothers who would have delivered their first child, the scheme was able to benefit only 31% of its intended beneficiaries.

  • The scheme brings under its ambit 23% of all births and pays full benefits to a mere 14% of all births.

  • The study found that only 50% of pregnant women and 57% of nursing women surveyed were eligible for the scheme.

  • It also throws light on the need for higher awareness among the pool of beneficiaries; only 66% of pregnant women and 69% of nursing women knew about the scheme.

  • Only 8% of pregnant women and 23% of nursing mothers received some benefits.

Reasons for low beneficiaries

  • Several factors prevent proper implementation of the programme that aims to fight malnutrition among children.

  • These include an application form of about 23 pages, a slew of documents such as mother-child protection card, Aadhaar card, husband’s Aadhaar card and bank passbook aside from linking their bank accounts with Aadhaar.

  • The requirement to produce the husband’s Aadhaar card results in excluding women who may be living with men they are not married to, single mothers and those who may be staying at their natal home.

  • Women must also have the address of their marital home on their Aadhaar card, which often results in newly weds being either left out or forced to go from door-to-door when pregnant and needing rest and care.

  • The survey findings also highlight the need to pay greater attention to the special needs of pregnancy such as good food, extra rest and health care.

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