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Tags Current Affairs

Maternal Mortality Ratio drop

Date: 01 October 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices

Issue

The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) has reduced considerably in certain districts of Tamil Nadu in the last two to three years according to government sources.

 

Background

India's maternal mortality rate reduced from 212 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2007 to 167 deaths in 2013. This showed a great improvement from the previous survey, in line with the SDG.

 

Details

  • The maternal mortality ratio is a key performance indicator for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth per country worldwide.

  • It is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes).

  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India dropped from 488 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1994 to 174 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2015.

Reasons for maternal mortality

  • Severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth)

  • Infections (usually after childbirth)

  • High blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)

  • Complications from delivery.

  • Unsafe abortion

Reasons for maternal mortality

  • Poverty

  • Distance to facilities

  • Lack of information

  • Inadequate and poor quality services

  • Cultural beliefs and practices

Reducing Maternal deaths

  • Countries have united behind a target to accelerate the decline of maternal mortality by 2030.

  • SDG 3(sustainable Development Goal)  includes an ambitious target: reducing the global MMR to less than 70 per 100 000 births, with no country having a maternal mortality rate of more than twice the global average.

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