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Tags Current Affairs

Anaemia among men

Date: 12 November 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices

Issue

A study has revealed that anaemia among men in India is an important public health problem with state-level prevalence in men varying from 9.2% in Manipur to 32.9% in Bihar.

 

Background

The report noted that while studies on anaemia in India have mostly focused on women and children, men have received far less attention.

 

Details

  • Anaemia in men can cause fatigue, lethargy, creates difficulty in concentrating, thereby reducing the quality of life and decreasing economic productivity.

  • The study is aimed to determine variation in prevelance of anaemia across states by socio-demographic characteristics and whether the variations are similar to that among women.

  • The study found that in men, the prevalence of any anaemia was 23.2%, moderate or severe anaemia was 5.1%, and severe anaemia was 0.5%.

  • An estimated 21.7% of men with any degree of anaemia had moderate or severe anaemia compared with 53.2% of women with any anaemia.

  • Cases among men ranged from moderate or severe (5.1%) to severe anaemia (0.5%).

  • Among age groups, men in the group 20-34 years had the lowest probability of having anaemia, while actual prevalence was lowest in the age group 50-54, at 7.8%. The prevalence was higher for younger age groups.

  • Among the states, the highest prevalence of any anaemia was in Bihar, with 32.9% of the men reporting it. This is followed by West Bengal (30.46%), Jharkhand (30.3%), Meghalaya (29.13%) and Odisha (28.45%).

  •  The lowest prevalence among men was in Manipur (9.19%), followed by Mizoram (9.78%), Nagaland (10.23%), Goa (10.68%) and Kerala (11.77%).

Anaemia

  • The World Health Organization defines anaemia as a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiological needs.

  • Factors such as consuming smokeless tobacco, being underweight, level of urbanisation and household wealth are associated with a higher probability of developing the disease.

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