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Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Date: 21 February 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Legendary singer and musician Bappi Lahiri passed away recently due to Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

 

Details

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea or OSA is said to be the most common form of sleep related breathing disorder. 

  • It causes one to repeatedly stop and start breathing while asleep. The individual is forced to wake up multiple times during sleep as a result of breathlessness.

  • OSA usually takes place when throat muscles intermittently relax and block airway during sleep. 

 

Types

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): It is the most frequent form wherein throat muscles tend to relax.

  • Central Sleep Apnea: In this form, the brain signals to the muscles that control breathing to become irregular.

  • Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome: In this form of complex situation, the person is affected with both obstructive as well as central sleep apnea.

 

Symptoms

  • The most common sign of OSA is snoring, gasping for breath, dry mouth, sore throat, gasping or frequent episodes of breathlessness during sleep. 

  • Other symptoms are getting forgetful, tired, irritation, night sweats, nighttime frequent urination, frequent headaches, sexual dysfunction, and mood swings.

 

Effects

  • OSA can take place multiple times at night, resulting in lack of adequate oxygen supply to the tissues. The brain receives the signal and wakes up the individual.

  • Lack of diagnosis can cause hypothyroidism, cognitive impairment, depression, dementia, diabetes, high blood pressure.

 

Vulnerable sections

People who take sleeping tablet, drink excessive amount of alcohol or smoke are more vulnerable to the condition.

 

Treatment

Undergoing weight loss treatment, giving up on smoking, alcohol, maintaining normal weight, and exercising on a daily basis can help tackle the condition.

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