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Cerebral palsy

Date: 03 March 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Zain, the son of Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella passed away due to a medical condition known as Cerebral palsy.

 

Details

Cerebral palsy is a congenital disorder that causes muscle weakness. It affects movement and muscle tone or posture.

 

Types of Cerebral palsy

  • Spastic cerebral palsy

  • Dyskinetic cerebral palsy

  • Hypotonic cerebral palsy

  • Ataxic cerebral palsy

  • Mixed cerebral palsy

 

Occurrence

The condition usually happens before a child is born, but it can also occur at birth or in early infancy.

 

Cause of Cerebral palsy

  • Cerebral palsy is caused due to abnormal development of brain as a result of lack of oxygen in the brain at the time of birth.

  • Other reasons include maternal infections, traumatic head injury, genetic mutations, bleeding in the brain, infant infections and stroke.

 

Symptoms

  • Delayed milestones

  • Weakness of limbs

  • Spasticity of limbs

  • Low IQ

  • Inability to walk

 

Impact on individuals

  • The condition can affect the whole body, any one side or just one or two limbs. They may problems with movement and coordination, speech and eating.

  • Patients may also suffer from respiratory difficulties, oral motor impairment, speech impairment, digestive issues, vision impairment, hearing impairment, epilepsy.

 

Prevention

  • Proper maternal and neonatal care has to be taken of the child during and after birth.

  • Efforts have to be made to prevent Hypoxia during birth.

  • Expected parents must maintain good habits and maintain their health.

  • Routine medical checkup with doctor has to be conducted to identify any complications during child-birth.

 

Treatment

  • There are no permanent treatment methods but options include medications, therapies, surgical procedures, and other treatments.

  • Children suffering from cerebral palsy may require lifelong care. Early interventions can improve outcomes.

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