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Tags Current Affairs

Global treaty on plastic pollution

Date: 22 March 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) has voted to develop an international legally-binding instrument to end plastic pollution.

 

Background

The vote took place on March 2nd and will aim to implement the treaty by the year 2024.

 

Details

  • The decision was agreed by representatives of 175 nations at the fifth session of UNEA in Nairobi, Kenya.

  • The resolution identifies the threat posed by plastic to human health and environment. It urges parties to take measures to efficiently reduce negative impact.

 

Theme of UNEA session

The theme was set as “strengthening actions for nature to achieve the sustainable development goals”.

 

The resolution

  • An intergovernmental negotiating committee (INC) will be established by the UNEA resolution, which will submit draft agreement by 2024.

  • The instrument will be made legally binding. It will focus on designing recyclable products and materials, along with international scientific and technical cooperation between members.

  • A forum will be convened by UNEP for sharing knowledge and best practices. Member countries will hold open discussion for the next two years until a draft instrument is made.

  • A diplomatic conference will be convened by UNEP to adopt the outcome of INC and open it for signatures in 2024.

  • Private sector and stakeholders will have to participate in the implementation of the treaty and promote measures at local, regional and global levels.

 

Considerations behind treaty

  • It will consider elements such as objectives to tackle marine and other varieties of environment pollution. It will focus on impact and obligations of all stakeholders.

  • The treaty will contain the mechanism involved in providing scientific information and policies for getting financial support.

  • The importance of indigenous communities and their practices to keep environment plastic-free will be recognised.

  • The treaty will consider national plans and international cooperative measures taken towards the goal of eliminating plastic pollution.

 

India’s stand

  • India has been supportive of making rules to beat plastic pollution. Prime Minister Modi had in 2018 made statement to eliminate single-use plastics.

  • India’s 2018 World Environment Day celebrations were themed on beating plastic pollution.

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