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Tags Current Affairs

US troops pulled out from Germany

Date: 02 August 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

United States President Donald Trump has decided to withdraw nearly 12,000 American soldiers stationed in Germany.

 

Background

President Trump has criticised the European partners of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation on many occasions of not spending enough to support the alliance.

 

Details

  • Trump has been threatening to pull out troops from Germany, accusing the latter of not committing two per cent of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for defence. 

  • As part of NATO, also known as the North Atlantic Alliance, US troops are stationed in member states all across Europe.

  • This is to counter any military threat to any of the alliance member. The Treaty commits each member to share the risk, responsibilities and benefits of collective defence.

  • NATO’s 2019 estimates show that only nine nations, including the United Kingdom and the US, spend two per cent or more of their GDP on defence. European powerhouses such as Germany and France spend only 1.38 per cent and 1.84 per cent respectively.

  • The decision is being opposed by members of both the Republicans and Democrats. It has been reported that at least 22 Republicans on the House Armed Service Committee have written a letter urging the President to rethink the plan. 

 

NATO

  • NATO is a multilateral organisation founded by 12 member states following the signing of the Washington Treaty on April 4, 1949.

  • The objective of the Treaty was to create an alliance to counter the Soviet Union and its influence in western Europe.

  • The Treaty derives its authority from Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, which confers the inherent right to a nation to the individual or collective self-defence. Currently, the alliance has 30 members, spanning over North America and Europe.

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