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Tags Current Affairs

Tigray crisis

Date: 18 November 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The crisis in Ethiopia’s Tigray region has ramifications in the Horn of Africa region at large. The involvement of Eritrea signals the intensity of crisis.

 

Background

The conflict escalated when Tigrayan forces in northern Ethiopia fired rockets across the border into Eritrea.

 

Details

  • Tigrayan leaders have also accused Eritrean forces of entering Ethiopia to support the federal government in its fight against Tigray.

  • The animosity between Tigrayans and Eritrea goes back to the Ethiopian-Eritrean war that occurred between 1998 and 2000.

  • Many veterans from the TPLF (Tigray People’s Liberation Front) who participated in the Ethiopian-Eritrean war between 1998 and 2000 are now part of the Tigray region’s paramilitary forces.

  • Despite their improvement in relations with Ethiopia, Eritrea continues to remain hostile to Tigrayans and their leaders because of the war.

  • Prior to the start of this conflict, there were already several thousand civilians who were internally displaced in Tigray.

  • With Ethiopian civilians escaping in large numbers to Sudan, the country may find itself inadvertently drawn into the war. 

 

Horn of Africa

  • The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in Africa. It lies along the southern side of the Red Sea and extends hundreds of km into the Gulf of Aden, Somali Sea, and Guardafui Channel.

  • The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent. Referred to in ancient and medieval times as the land of the Barbara and Ethiopians, the Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

Tigray crisis

Date: 15 June 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The conflict between federal government and the ruling party in the Tigray region of Ethiopia has turned into a major crisis.

 

Background

Ever since the Federal forces occupied Tigray, there have been tensions brewing. There is a widespread allegation of torture and atrocities performed on the residents.

 

Details

  • Thousands of people in the region have been displace from their homes. They are facing risks of diseases and famines.

  • Large sections of residents have taken refuge in neighbouring countries to escape the fighting. The numbers are higher than expected.

  • Many independent organisations and groups have identified sexual exploitation is used as a weapon of war to instil fear in people. Women and girls have been at the receiving end.

 

Disaster in Tigray

  • Tigray has a population of about 6 million and about 3,50,000 people are expected to be affected by the adverse situation.

  • There are many reasons for the occurrence, one being the involvement of Eritrean forces in helping federal government of Ethiopia by burning crops.

  • The government has assured that hunger is not being used as weapon but aid agencies say that the government has restricted the availability of food.

 

International interference

The UN resolution 2417 on armed conflict and hunger is into action so as to prevent using food as a weapon during armed conflicts.

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