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Tags Current Affairs

Pyongyang declaration

Date: 19 September 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Two years since North Korea and South Korea signed the Pyongyang Joint Declaration, there has been a diplomatic deadlock with no progress in denuclearisation talks between North Korea and the US.

 

Background

While Pyongyang has made no mention of the anniversary, Seoul has been looking to push for and renew cooperation.

 

Details

  • The Pyongyang Joint Declaration is an agreement signed by North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un and South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in on September 18, 2018 during the Inter-Korean Summit Meeting in Pyongyang.

  • The two sides agreed to implement the Panmunjeom Declaration that had been signed in April that year and agreed to closer communication to prevent military clashes along the DMZ.

  • Economic cooperation was also a part of the agenda, with both countries agreeing to normalize the Gaeseong industrial complex located near the border and the Mt. Geumgang Tourism Project, located in North Korean territory, which involved creating a special joint tourism zone.

  • The two countries also agreed on cooperation in the field of public health care, particularly in context of epidemics and the implementation of emergency measures to prevent and control the spread of contagious diseases.

  • The agreement made provisions for the resolution of this issue with both countries agreeing to the establishment of a permanent facility in the Mt. Geumgang area, to enable separated families to meet and to create methods of communication between them through inter-Korean Red Cross initiatives.

  • The agreement also focussed on the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula with North Korea agreeing to permanently dismantle the Dongchang-ri missile engine test site and launch platform. 

  • The South Korean government also has plans to resume suspended tours of Panmunjom and the DMZ Peace Trail and initiate the reunion of separated families.

  • The talks between the two countries fell through after the Hanoi summit between North Korea and USA. Further tensions between the two countries have made the agreement invalid.

  • The South Korean government also has plans to resume suspended tours of Panmunjom and the DMZ Peace Trail and initiate the reunion of separated families.

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