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Tags Current Affairs

North and South Korea violate armistice agreement

Date: 02 June 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The UN Command, led by the United States, found that North and South Korea were both guilty of violating armistice agreements following a recent incident involving gunfire along the Demilitarised Zone between the two countries.

 

Background

This shooting, the first of its kind in approximately two and a half years, was in violation of the armistice agreement which brought a halt to the Korean War in 1953.

 

Details

  • South Korea had also warned North Korea through broadcast messages that the firings were a violation of the 2018 inter-Korean military agreement that had come about following a meeting between North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in.

  • One of the terms of this agreement, called the Pyongyang Joint Declaration of September 2018, said there would be reduced military tensions between the two countries.

  • The shootings from North Korea did not appear to be intentional. Prior to this, shootings occurred across the DMZ in December 2017 when a North Korean soldier defected to the other side.

  • The investigation said North Korea had violated the armistice of 1953 by firing four rounds, as had South Korea by firing five rounds in return.

  • The report also said investigations had been unable to determine whether the shootings that originated from North Korea had been intentional.

  • One of the roles of the UN Command is to ensure the terms of the armistice are being agreed upon by both North Korea and South Korea. 

 

Korean Armistice Agreement

  • The 1953 Korean Armistice Agreement was a ceasefire though there was no official declaration of the end of the war, and the conflict has continued, without fighting between the parties. 

  • In December 1991, North and South Korea signed a pact where they agreed to refrain from aggressions, in a step that would lead to better relations and a potential resolution of the situation.

  • Since the armistice was enforced, there have been several violations of it from both North and South Korea, leading to persistent tensions between the two countries.

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