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Tags Current Affairs

History of Ukraine

Date: 28 February 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The President of Russia accused Ukraine of not having any history, identity, or traditions of real statehood.

 

Background

Ukraine is one of the neighbours of Russia, which came into existence after the disintegration of Soviet Union.

 

Details

Putin added that Ukraine was created following the 1917 Russian Revolution after the Bolshevik government tore Russia into pieces for governance purposes.

 

Geographic details

  • Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe after Russia, spanning about 6% of the continent. 

  • It is bound by countries such as Russia, Moldova, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, and Belarus. It opens to Black Sea in South.

  • About 78% of its citizens are of Ukrainian ethnicity whereas the rest as Russians. The Russian ethnics stay on the eastern side near the border with Russia.

 

Economy

  • Ukraine is the poorest country in Europe in terms of gross domestic product and gross national income per capita.

  • It exports corn, sunflower, wheat, iron ore and coal. India is Ukraine’s largest export destination in Asia-Pacific.

  • India imports sunflower oil, chemicals, iron ore and steel, plastics and majorly exports pharmaceuticals to the country.

 

Ukraine before USSR

  • Majority of Ukrainians, Russians and Belarusians trace their cultural ancestry to the Kyivan Rus’. It was a federation of East Slavic, Baltic, and Finnic peoples.

  • The Tsarist Russia incorporated various regions of Ukraine into a single empire, which suppressed linguistic and ethnic identities.

 

Post Soviet collapse

  • Ukrainians were demanding for independence since 1990s. It escalated when over 300,000 Ukrainians created a human chain in support of freedom.

  • The granite revolution was against the signing of a new agreement with the USSR and was led by students.

  • The parliament of Ukraine adopted the country’s Act of Independence after a failure of a coup to restore communists at the helm of Russia.

  • Leonid Kravchuk was elected Ukraine’s first President.  The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was formed after dissolution of Soviet Union.

  • The CIS included Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine but the parliament of Ukraine never ratified the treaty to become part of CIS.

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