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Overseas Citizen of India

Date: 09 December 2019 Tags: Miscellaneous


Overseas Citizen of India card holders are facing major problems while travelling to the country because adequate awareness has not been created about recent enforcement of a rule on renewal.



OCI, a major facility for members of the Indian diaspora, brings them at par with non-Resident Indians in financial, economic and educational fields except in the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties.



OCI card holders  are eligible for free multiple entry, multi-purpose life-long visa to visit India. OCI card holders are also exempted from reporting to police authorities for any length of stay in India.


Overseas Citizen of India

  • The Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) is an immigration status permitting a foreign citizen of Indian origin to live and work in the Republic of India indefinitely.

  • The OCI was introduced in response to demands for dual citizenship by the Indian diaspora, particularly in developed countries.

  • It was introduced by The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005 in August 2005.

  • To apply for and use an OCI document, a holder must be a citizen of and hold a passport of another country, except that of Pakistan and Bangladesh.

  • The Government of India, on application, may register any person as an Overseas Citizen of India, if the person:

  • was a citizen of India on 26 January 1950 or at any time thereafter; or

  • belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15 August 1947; or

  • was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26 January 1950; or

  • is a child or a grandchild or a great-grandchild of such a citizen; or

  • is a minor child of such persons mentioned above; or

  • is a minor child and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India; or

  • is a spouse of foreign origin of a citizen of India or spouse of foreign origin of an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder registered under section 7A of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and whose marriage has been registered and subsisted for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the application.


  • Overseas citizens of India are not citizens of India from a constitutional point of view and will not enjoy the following rights even if resident in India:

  • they do not have the right to vote,

  • they do not have the right to hold the offices of Prime Minister, President, Vice-President, Judge of Supreme Court and High Court, member of Lok SabhaRajya Sabha, Legislative Assembly, or Council.

  • they do not have the right to any public services (government jobs).

  • they do not have the right to hold farmland (agricultural property).

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