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Tags Current Affairs

Greater Tipraland demand

Date: 24 February 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Tripura royal scion Pradyot Kishore Manikya has recently announced his new political demand of ‘Greater Tipraland’.

 

Background

It would serve the interest of tribals, non-tribals, Tripuri tribals staying outside Tripura, even those outside India in Bandarban, Chittagong, Khagrachari, and other border adjacent areas in Bangladesh.

 

Details

  • ‘Greater Tipraland’ is essentially an extension of the ruling tribal partner Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura – IPFT’s demand of Tipraland, which sought a separate state for tribals of Tripura.

  • The new demand seeks to include every tribal person living in indigenous area or village outside the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) under the proposed model.

  • The idea doesn’t restrict to simply the Tripura tribal council areas, but seeks to include ‘Tiprasa’ of Tripuris spread across different states of India like Assam, Mizoram etc. as well, even those living in border areas of neighbouring Bangladesh.

 

Political changes

  • The royal scion has announced a mega merger and alliance with all major tribal political parties. The organisation was announced as a new political party and rechristened Tipraha Indigenous Peoples Regional Alliance with the same acronym.

  • All partners of TIPRA have announced their alliance would continue till 2023 assembly elections and beyond.

 

Tribes of Tripura

  • The Tripuri are an ethnic group originating in the Indian state of Tripura. They are the inhabitants of the Twipra/Tripura Kingdom in North-East India and Bangladesh. 

  • Tripura has rich cultural heritage of 19 different tribal communities. These communities are - Tripura/Tripuri, Riang, Jamatia, Noatia, Uchai, Chakma, Mog, Lushai, Kuki, Halam, Munda, Kaur, Orang, Santal, Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal, Garo, Khasia, and Lepcha.

Greater Tipraland demand

Date: 06 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Tribal outfits have come together for demanding Greater Tipraland state for indigenous communities of the region.

 

Background

The protest has brought together bitter rival political parties, TIPRA Motha (Tipraha Indigenous Progressive Regional Alliance) and IPFT (Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura).

 

Details

  • The groups have been asking for an independent state for the indigenous groups, carved out from the existing state of Tripura.

  • The protestors want a state that includes the entire Autonomous district area. A separate body will be formed for securing rights of indigenous groups living outside the state.

 

The Tripura state

  • Tripura was ruled by the Manikya dynasty from the late 13th century. Pradyot Debbarman is the titular head of the royal family.

  • Tripuris (aka Tipra and Tiprasas) are the largest indigenous groups, followed by Reangs and Jamatias. They have all been in favor of new state.

  • Tripura joined Indian republic by signing of the Instrument of Accession with the Indian government on October 15, 1949.

 

Reasons for demand

  • Indigenous communities are worried about change in the demographics of the state. They have now been reduced to minority.

  • Ethnic conflict is occurring between natives and migrant Bengali community. This started post the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.

  • Tribals are fearful of losing their ancestral lands gifted to them by penultimate king of the Manikya dynasty Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman.

 

Addressing concerns

  • The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTADC) formed in 1985 to provide self-rule under Sixth schedule of constitution. It covers about two-thirds of the geographical area of the state.

  • Out of the total seats of 60 in state assembly, 20 seats are reserved for the indigenous tribals.

 

Constitutional process

  • Article 3 concerns formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.

  • Article 2 of the constitution deal with admission or establishment of new states.

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