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Tags Current Affairs

SC quashes OBC quota review plea

Date: 17 June 2021 Tags: Judiciary & Judgments


The Supreme Court has quashed a review petition regarding the scrapping of OBC quota in local bodies of Maharashtra.



The Supreme Court judgement is the latest caste-based provision that has been reversed after Maratha quota.



  • The OBC quota in some local bodies had exceeded above the total limit of 50 percent. Some people had approached the court to stay application of quota.

  • The state government of Maharashtra has set up 27 percent reservation for OBCs in the state’s local bodies.

  • The quota was applicable across all urban and rural local bodies. This included Municipal councils, Nagar Panchayat, Zilla Parishad, Gram Panchayat etc.

  • The OBCs members included Nomadic tribes, De-notified tribes, Special Backward category and other backward castes.


OBC census

  • The last caste census was conducted in 1931 after which it was discontinued. The Mandal commission estimated OBC population to be 52 percent.

  • The commission gave 22 percent reservation to OBC community government jobs and promotions. This was because of the 50 percent ceiling imposed by Supreme Court.

  • The 2011 census collected data on OBC population but was not revealed citing errors in compilation and presentation.


Review petition

  • A review petition is filed to ask the Supreme Court to reconsider their judgements. The petition is filed within 30 days of the final judgement.

  • The Supreme Court has the constitutional powers under Article 137 to review any of its own judgements.

  • The petition will not ask the top court to have a fresh look at the case instead it will try to correct grave mistakes that may have led to injustice.

  • Any person affected by the judgement can file review petition. The plea is not heard in open court but by circulation in judge’s chamber.

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