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Summer solstice

Date: 21 June 2021 Tags: Geography & Environment


The longest day of the year for people living in the northern hemisphere falls on June 21. This day is known as Summer solstice.



  • Summer solstice takes place when the sun is directly over-head at the Tropic of Cancer. This corresponds to 23.5 degree north latitude.

  • The earth is aligned in such a way that sunlight falls directly during March and September for people living in northern hemisphere. This is also the summer in these areas.

  • The remaining time, southern hemisphere experiences summer as Sun rays falls directly on those areas.

  • During the occurrence of summer solstice, the northern pole of the earth is facing towards the sun and the southern pole away. This is due to the tilt in earth’s axis.

  • Earth’s axis in not straight but aligned at 23.5 degree. So during summer solstice, the northern pole is more directed towards the sun.

  • The sun rays and energy received by earth on the summer solstice is about 30 percent more at the North Pole than equator. This is because of alignment.

  • The summer solstice of southern hemisphere is on December 21 or 22. During this time, northern hemisphere will experience its longest night, called winter solstice.

  • As we move from equator to North Pole, the length of light on June 21 keeps increasing. At the poles, there is no night during summer months.

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