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Maneka Gandhi likely to be pro-tem Speaker of 17th Lok Sabha

Date: 03 June 2019 Tags: Constitution

Senior most and eight-time MP Maneka Gandhi (62) is likely to be the pro-tem speaker in the 17th Lok Sabha elections. She is veteran BJP leader and recently had won from Sultanpur constituency in Uttar Pradesh. She is outgoing Union Minister for Women and Child Development.

About Speaker Protem

  • He/she is appointed by President of India to perform duties of Speaker from commencement of first sitting of newly constituted Lok Sabha till the election of a new Speaker.
  • By tradition the most senior most Member of Lok Sabha (i.e. having the most experience) is appointed as protem speaker.
  • Literal meaning: Protem is abbreviated form of Pro tempore. It is Latin phrase which means “for the time being” in English.

Constitutional Provisions:

  • Article 94(2) of constitution: It states that office of Speaker becomes vacant immediately before the first meeting of the new Lok Sabha.
  • Article 95(1): It states that while office of Speaker and deputy speaker is vacant, the duties of the office will be performed by such member of Lok Sabha (House of the People) appointed by President
  • Note: Similar constitutional provisions exist for State Legislative Assembly under Article 183 (2) and Article 184 (1) of the Constitution.

Appointment and oath:  President appoints and administers the oath to protem speaker. In the case of state legislative assembly, Governor of State performs this task.

Functions and Powers of Pro-tem speaker:  (i) Administer oath of newly elected members. (ii) Presid over the election of new Lok Sabha speaker. (iii) Pro-tem speaker has all the powers of the speaker.

Duration of term: This office is temporary office, existing for a few days till new speaker is elected by the house.

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