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Tags Current Affairs

Quitting coal

Date: 03 November 2021 Tags: Climate Change


The COP 26 has urged member countries to reduce use of coal by cutting down on its mining and transportation.



Coal is a major source of energy for developing countries such as India. It is cheaper than renewable energy and forms a major chunk of nation’s energy security.



  • Coal is the biggest single source of greenhouse gases. Continuous burning of coal is set to have catastrophic impacts on climate change.

  • Most of the people in developing countries rely on coal for their day to day life. It constitutes the world’s biggest source of fuel for electric power.

  • Coal is not only a domestic fuel. It is also used in industries such as iron& steel and also electric generation.

  • In the coming decades, temperature is set to increase in India. As temperature increases, the demand for power will also increase due to more air conditioning.


Coal dependency

  • More than 300,000 people are directly employed with government-owned coal mines, earning fixed salaries and benefits. 

  • More than 4 million people earn their livelihoods directly or indirectly from coal industry. Larger industries are reliant on coal for their output.

  • Indian railways earn more than half of its revenues by transporting coal. This revenue allows it to subsidize passenger travel.

  • As renewable energy gets cheaper, people will move away from coal consumption and industry. This may take some time.

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