We have launched our mobile app, get it now. Call : 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584.  

Tags Current Affairs

Predicting vulnerability to rain or tide-based flooding

Date: 04 January 2021 Tags: Climate Change


The C40 Cities report notes that by 2050, over 570 low-lying coastal cities will face projected sea level rise, putting over 800 million people at risk from the impacts of rising seas and storm surges.



  • To understand if a coastal city is more prone to floods caused by tidal events or extreme rainfall, a research team devised a new metric or measure called the Tide–Rainfall Flood Quotient.

  • It is very important to understand the main driver of the flooding events for effective disaster management.

  • Using the past rainfall data, tidal data, and topography of the region we can apply this framework to pinpoint the major factor at play.

  • The team selected three geographically diverse areas viz Mithi Catchment in Mumbai, Jagatsinghpur District in Odisha, and Greater Chennai Corporation (GCC).

  • The new method helped classify these regions into ‘storm-tide dominated’ or ‘pluvial (rainfall) dominated’ regions.

  • The plain based topography in Bay of Bengal region prevented easy flow of flood waters into the sea, which further increased the risks.



  • The Chennai flood maps showed that the rainfall was the major reason for floods in the northern and central parts of the city.

  • The study also identified that the Mithi catchment in Mumbai was storm-tide dominated and Jagatsinghpur and Chennai were pluvial dominated.


Preventing flooding

  • Structures such as rainwater storing tanks, overspill lakes, detention basins, and wetlands to be developed to prevent water from flooding.

  • Tide-storm forecasting system should be equipped with new technology that will predict risks based on ocean circulation patterns.

  • Building coastal structures such as closure dams, tidal breakers, storm-surge barriers etc that will prevent ocean water from entering into the land.

Notice (8): Undefined variable: quizpole [ROOT/plugins/Studyiq/src/Template/Pages/tagdetails.ctp, line 161]