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Tags Current Affairs

Climate change led to doubling of natural disaster

Date: 15 October 2020 Tags: Climate Change

Issue

Climate change is largely to blame for a near doubling of natural disasters in the past 20 years, according to the United Nations.

 

Background

The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction said 7,348 major disaster events had occurred between 2000 and 2019, claiming 1.23 lives, affecting 4.2 billion people, and costing the global economy some $2.97 trillion.

 

Details

  • The sharp increase was largely attributable to a rise in climate-related disasters, including extreme weather events like floods, drought and storms.

  • Worsening floods and storms accounted for about four-fifths of the total from 2000-2019 but major increases were also recorded for droughts, wildfires and heat-waves.

  • Extreme heat is proving especially deadly. The report did not touch on biological hazards and disease-related disasters like the coronavirus pandemic.

  • In the past 20 years, there were nearly 7,350 major recorded disasters, including earthquakes and tsunamis, which claimed more than 1.2 million lives and affected 4.2 billion people.

  • Countries that have made big strides in evacuating millions of people to safety and cutting death tolls from floods and cyclones include India and Bangladesh.

  • UN has urged governments to show leadership and deliver on promises made in 2015 under the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change, the Sendai Framework to manage disaster risk, and the global development goals set to be achieved by 2030.

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