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Tags Current Affairs

Removing AFSPA from north-east

Date: 18 May 2022 Tags: Bills & Laws


The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi has said that AFSPA may be soon removed from north-east as law and order situation has improved in the region



The government had partially lifted the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act 1958 from several parts of the region.


  • The AFSPA law has the mandate to give sweeping powers to security forces involved in anti-insurgency operations.

  • The law has variations in the form of AFSPA (Assam and Manipur), 1958; AFSPA (Punjab and Chandigarh), 1983; and AFSPA (Jammu and Kashmir), 1990.


Powers under AFSPA

  • The law grants the military sweeping powers of arrest, the right to shoot to kill, and to occupy or destroy property in counterinsurgency operations.

  • Stopping and searching any vehicle or vessel reasonably suspected to be carrying such person or weapons.

  • Person acting under good faith for implementing the law will be protected from prosecution, suit or other legal proceedings, except with the sanction of the Central Government.

  • Arresting without a warrant anyone who has committed cognizable offences or is reasonably suspected of having done so.


Current situation in north-east

  • AFSPA is currently in force in parts of Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. Union territory of Jammu & Kashmir also has the law.

  • Insurgency has been reduced by 80% in the north-eastern states since the last eight years and casualty of armed forces has seen a slump by 75%.


Criticism of AFSPA

  • Human rights activists have dubbed AFSPA as a draconian law. They have demanded repealing of the legislation.

  • There are reports of atrocities and excess committed by armed forces against the civilians under the protection of the law.

  • The existence of AFSPA law may act as hindrance in achieving success in Naga peace accord, which is pending since many years.

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