Scientists have found a radiation-resistant bacteria can survive at least three years exposed in orbit, suggesting simple life forms could manage the long journey between Earth and Mars unprotected.
The Japanese scientists behind the research said Wednesday the finding lends credence to so-called "panspermia theory", which posits that microbes can travel from one planet to another, seeding life on arrival.
To test the theory, the researchers deposited a bacteria called Deinococcus radiodurans outside the International Space Station at an altitude of 400 kilometres (250 miles) from the Earth.
Despite enduring the harsh environment of outer space and exposure to strong UV and large temperature changes, the bacteria was still alive in parts after three years.
Singapore's Ministry of Manpower is planning to increase the minimum qualifying salary to $3,659 for entry-level employment pass for foreigners in the financial services sector.
The salaries are being raised for foreigners entering the Singapore workforce under Employment Pass (EP) following Singaporeans job loss concerns raised during the July 2020 general elections.
The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) said it supports the move by the Ministry of Manpower (MOM).
The increase in salary will provide further support for the hiring of Singaporeans in the financial services sector.
For EP candidates in the financial services sector, this will be increased by a further 500 dollars to 5,000 dollars from December 1. It is the first time the manpower ministry is setting higher qualifying salaries for a specific sector.
Due to the COVID-19 lockdown across India this year’s carbon emissions are predicted to fall by around 8%, according to government sources.
The pandemic has given a lot of challenges but it has given the opportunity to jump start the economies, rebuild societies through recovery plans, and focus on climate change and environment conservation.
Such industries require direct extractions of resources from the forest or rely on ecosystem services such as healthy soil, clean water, and a stable climate. Due to many reasons species are being lost and many have gone extinct, that has disrupted the eco-system.
Due to the pandemic, many businesses need to change their models of sustainability and understand that we all need to take ownership of the future.