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News in Short

News in Short - 28-April-2021

SC panel red flags Goa rail project

Date: 28 April 2021 Tags: Judiciary & Judgments
  • The Supreme Court’s Central Empowerment Committee (CEC) has red-flagged a key rail expansion push in Goa and recommended crucial changes to a highway and a power transmission line in the state
  • These projects had been cleared by the Centre last year despite concerns being raised at various levels since they would cut through the Bhagwan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary (BMWS) and the Mollem National Park (MNP) in South Goa.
  • The alignment of the Goa-Tanmar Transmission Project for laying of electric lines for additional 400 KV feed to Goa will be redrawn and modified along the existing 220 KV line.

Creative genes helped Homo sapiens gain edge over Neanderthals

Date: 28 April 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Researchers have discovered a series of creativity-linked genes that may have given Homo sapiens a significant edge over Neanderthals, enabling them to avoid extinction.
  • The experts identified 267 genes unique to humans, and through genetic markers, genetic expression data and AI-related MRI techniques, found they were related to creativity.
  • The finding offers fresh insight into the mystery of why Homo sapiens outlived the Neanderthals and other species.
  • The creativity may have encouraged cooperation between individuals which would have set the stage for technological innovation, behavioural flexibility and openness to exploration, enabling them to spread out more successfully than their predecessors.

India third highest military spender in 2020

Date: 28 April 2021 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • India was the third largest military spender in the world in 2020, behind only the US and China according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
  • The US accounted for 39 per cent of the money spent on military globally, China accounted for 13 per cent, and India accounted for 3.7 per cent of the globe’s share.
  • The US spent a total of $778 billion in 2020, China spent $252 billion and India’s military expenditure was $72.9 billion. All three countries saw their military spending go up compared to 2019, even during a pandemic year.

UK aircraft carrier to be deployed in Indian Ocean for first time

Date: 28 April 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • The UK’s Carrier Strike Group 2021, led by HMS  Queen Elizabeth, will sail to India in the autumn on its maiden operational deployment.
  • The Carrier Strike Group will travel over 26,000 nautical miles from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea, from the Gulf of Aden to the Arabian Sea, and from the Indian Ocean to the Philippine Sea.
  • The ship will conduct a series of joint exercises with Indian Military Forces in the Indian Ocean, expanding interoperability and enhancing capabilities to defend against shared threats and protect democratic values.

World’s most powerful climate change predicting supercomputer to be built in UK

Date: 28 April 2021 Tags: IT, Mobile & Computers
  • Microsoft and UK's Met Office have teamed up to build the world’s most powerful supercomputer to forecast weather and climate-change.
  • The supercomputer will provide accurate warnings on severe weather and help protect from impact of increasingly extreme storms, floods and snow in the UK.
  • The computing device will be able to help significantly improve forecasts and projections for risk-based planning, and provide increasingly accurate forecasts of wind and temperature information for the aviation industry.
  • The device will enhance emergency preparedness to local storms, heavy rain and flooding through improved forecasting of local-scale weather using very high-resolution simulations.