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News in Short

News in Short - 27-December-2019

Electrification in Indian households benefits men more than women

Date: 27 December 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • As new areas gain access to basic levels of electricity, men in these households tend to dominate its use, according to a study conducted in India.
  • The study highlights intra-household power dynamics as an important factor to consider for enabling more equitable energy access in developing countries.
  • Households had more male-used appliances, the study said, compared to more female-used appliances, even when controlling for household income.
  • The researchers concluded that social contexts ultimately shape how sustainable development interventions unfold.

Locust invasion threatens Gujarat farmers

Date: 27 December 2019 Tags: Biodiversity
  • Gujarat is under attack from hoppers ,the new-born locusts  that have flown in across the international border from Pakistan.
  • According to the Agriculture Ministry’s Locust Warning Organisation (LWO), locusts are flying in from Pakistan’s Sindh province and spreading in villages in Rajasthan and Gujarat where south western monsoon had prolonged this time.
  • Originally, the locusts emerged in February this year from Sudan and Eritrea on Africa’s Red Sea Coast and travelled through Saudi Arabia and Iran to enter Pakistan.

Virat Kohli named in Wisden cricketers of the year list

Date: 27 December 2019 Tags: Honours & Awards
  • Indian skipper Virat Kohli has been included in the list of five cricketers of the decade announced by Wisden. 
  • Along with Kohli, the other four cricketers are - Steve Smith, Dale Steyn, AB de Villiers and Ellyse Perry.
  • Kohli has already been named as the captain of Wisden's Test team of the decade. The Indian captain also finds a spot in the Wisden ODI team of the decade alongside MS Dhoni, Rohit Sharma and others.

For the first time in 166 years, Indian railways reports zero passenger deaths

Date: 27 December 2019 Tags: Railways
  • The Indian Railways has claimed that zero passenger death was witnessed in the current financial year, that is, 2019-20, which is for the first time in the 166-year-long history of railways.
  • The railways is using various methods to reduce risks like ultrasonic flaw detection (USFD) testing of rails to detect flaws and timely removal of defective rails to avoid incidents of derailments and to improve the safety of the railway tracks.
  • Apart from all this, drives and inspections at regular intervals are carried out to monitor and educate staff for the observance of safe practices.

Laser system to detect space junk

Date: 27 December 2019 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Researchers in China have improved the accuracy of detecting space junk in the Earth’s orbit using laser system, providing a more effective way to plot safe routes for spacecraft manoeuvres.
  • A unique set of algorithms for laser ranging telescopes has significantly improved the success rate of space debris detection.
  • Laser ranging uses laser reflection from objects to measure distances. The new study is the first time a neural network has significantly improved the pointing accuracy of a laser-ranging telescope.