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News in Short

News in Short - 27-April-2021

US agrees to supply raw materials to India

Date: 27 April 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • The US has finally confirmed that it will provide vaccine raw material to India. The United States has identified sources of specific raw material urgently required for the Indian manufacture of the Covishield vaccine.
  • The United States has identified supplies of therapeutics, rapid diagnostic test kits, ventilators, and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) will immediately be made available for India.
  • The United States also is pursuing options to provide oxygen generation and related supplies on an urgent basis. The US Development Finance Corporation (DFC) is funding a substantial expansion of manufacturing capability for BioE.

Tamil Nadu government allows conditional opening of sterling copper plant

Date: 27 April 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Vedanta-owned Sterlite copper smelting plant in Tamil Nadu's Thoothukudihas been allowed to partially  re-open for four months to produce oxygen.
  • The move comes as Tamil Nadu sees a surge in Covid cases.A government-appointed panel will monitor the functioning of the plant.
  • The decision was announced after an all-party meeting. In 2018, 17 anti-Sterlite protesters were shot dead in a police firing. Earlier, the Madras High Court had refused to allow permission to Vedanta.

Galaxy’s smallest Black Hole

Date: 27 April 2021 Tags: Space
  • Scientists have discovered the smallest-known black hole in the Milky Way galaxy and the closest to our solar system and nicknamed it 'the Unicorn.'
  • The black hole is roughly three times the mass of our sun. A luminous star called a red giant orbits with the black hole in a so-called binary star system named V723 Mon.
  • The black hole is located about 1,500 light years from Earth. While it may be the closest one to us, it is still far away. Proxima Centauri is the closest star to Earth and is 4 light years away.

Reliance and BP start production of gas from KG D-6 block

Date: 27 April 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) and BP announced the start of production from the Satellite Cluster gas field in block KG-D6 off the east coast.
  • RIL and BP have been developing three deep-water gas developments in block KG-D6 which together are expected to produce around 15% of India’s gas demand.
  • RIL is the operator of the block with a 66.67% participating interest and BP holds a 33.33% participating interest.
  • It had originally been scheduled to start production in mid-2021. The field is located about 60 km from the existing onshore terminal at Kakinada on the east coast of India.

China’s first Mars rover named Zhurong

Date: 27 April 2021 Tags: Space
  • China’s first Mars rover will be named Zhurong after a traditional fire god, the government has announced.
  • The rover is aboard the Tianwen-1 probe that arrived in Mars orbit on February 24 and is due to land in May to look for evidence of life.
  • It is part of Chinese space plans that include launching a crewed orbital station and landing a human on the moon.
  • China in 2019 became the first country to land a space probe on the little-explored far side of the moon and in December returned lunar rocks to Earth for the first time since the 1970s.