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Fertility rate falls below replacement level in India

Date: 26 November 2021 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR), or the average number of children per woman, has declined further from 2.2 reported in 2015-16 to 2.0 at the all-India level, according to the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS).
  • According to the United Nations’ population division, countries experiencing below-replacement fertility indicates that a generation is not producing enough children to replace itself, eventually leading to an outright reduction in population.
  • The data in NFHS 2019-21, the fifth in the survey series, shows the fertility rate at 1.6 per cent in urban areas and 2.1 in rural India.