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News in Short

News in Short - 25-November-2019

Meteor assisted in origin of life

Date: 25 November 2019 Tags: Space
  • A research team has found ribose, arabinose, and xylose sugars in two different meteorites, which has now been added to a list of biologically relevant compounds that have been found in space rocks.
  • Ribose is a critical component of RNA (ribonucleic acid), and in modern life, RNA is the messenger molecule that copies genetic instructions from DNA.
  • The extra-terrestrial sugar might have contributed to the formation of RNA on the prebiotic Earth which possibly led to the origin of life.

Former West Bengal minister Kshiti Goswami passes away

Date: 25 November 2019 Tags: Obituaries
  • Senior Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) leader and former West Bengal minister Kshiti Goswami died in Chennai.
  • The leader of RSP, which was a constituent of the Left Front, was the state PWD minister for more than two decades since the late eighties till 2011 when the regime was voted out of power.
  • He was also the state secretary of RSP for a few years after 2012.

Former Madhya Pradesh CM Kailash Joshi passes away

Date: 25 November 2019 Tags: Obituaries
  • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader and former Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Kailash Joshi passed away on 24th November in Bhopal.
  • Mr. Joshi served as the first Janata Party Chief Minister of the State from 1977 to 1978. He represented the Bhopal Lok Sabha constituency from 2004 to 2014.
  • He was also an MLA for eight terms, representing Bagli Assembly seat from 1962 to 1998.

Smoking and obesity can impact bone health

Date: 25 November 2019 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • A study has found that  obesity and smoking, which are known to impact negative effects on bone health, can also affect healing in patients, who had surgery for fractures of the wrist or the distal radius.
  • Obesity and smoking are currently considered among the two most important preventable causes of poor health in developed nations, and both are modifiable risk factors.
  • Lifestyle interventions focusing on weight loss and smoking cessation should be emphasised to reduce its effect.

High antibiotic use can increase Parkinson disease

Date: 25 November 2019 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • A higher exposure to commonly used oral antibiotics is linked to an increase in Parkinson's disease risk, according to a study.
  • The strongest associations were found for broad-spectrum antibiotics and those that act against anaerobic bacteria and fungi.
  • The timing of antibiotic exposure also seemed to matter. Study suggested that excessive use of certain antibiotics can predispose to Parkinson's disease with a delay of up to 10 to 15 years.