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News in Short

News in Short - 25-February-2021

Study suggests habitat loss leading to inbreeding among Indian Tigers

Date: 25 February 2021 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • Indian Tiger populations continue to be fragmented by loss of habitat, leading to inbreeding and potential loss of this diversity, says a new study.
  • This habitat loss from human activities leads to tigers being restricted into their own protected area. Now, they can only mate with the other tigers in their own population.
  • While genetic diversity across a population improves their chances of survival in the future, the study said population fragmentation of tigers can decrease this variation, and endanger them further.
  • Although tigers have received significant conservation attention, very little is known about their evolutionary history and genomic variation, especially for Indian tigers.
  • With 70% of the world's tigers living in India, understanding the genetic diversity of tigers in the country is critical to their survival.

New alpine plant species discovered in Arunachal Pradesh

Date: 25 February 2021 Tags: Biodiversity
  • A new species of alpine plant in Arunachal Pradesh's Tawang district has been discovered by a group of scientists of three institutes of the country.
  • The new species belongs to the family of Himalayan sunflower. It is named as Cremanthodiumindicum, and the plant species which generally flowers from July to August, is endemic to Penga-Teng Tso Lake of Tawang district.
  • The alpine plant species is assessed as critically endangered. It is a perennial herb and stands 16–24 cm tall. It grows in boggy soil among mosses along the banks of alpine lake.
  • Tawang district holds one of the assemblages of flowering plants in the north-eastern state, which attracts botanists across the world.

Beat poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti dies

Date: 25 February 2021 Tags: Obituaries
  • Poet, publisher, and bookseller Lawrence Ferlinghetti, who helped launch and perpetuate the Beat movement, has died. He was 101.
  • Ferlinghetti was known for his City Lights bookstore in San Francisco, an essential meeting place for the Beats and other bohemians in the 1950s and beyond.
  • Few poets of the past 60 years were so well known or so influential. His books sold more than 1 million copies worldwide, a fantasy for virtually any of his peers, and he ran one of the world's most famous and distinctive bookstores, City Lights.
  • Ferlinghetti also was a playwright, novelist, translator, and painter and had many admirers among musicians. In 1976, he recited The Lord’s Prayer at the Band’s farewell concert, immortalised in Martin Scorsese’s The Last Waltz.
  • The folk-rock band Aztec Two-Step lifted its name from a line in the title poem of Ferlinghetti’s Coney Island book: “A couple of Papish cats/is doing an Aztec two-step.”

SC rejects petition for extra attempt for UPSC CSE aspirants

Date: 25 February 2021 Tags: Judiciary & Judgments
  • The Supreme Court gave its verdict on the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Services Prelims 2021 extra attempt.
  • Dismissing the petition seeking a second shot at the civil service examination due to the Covid-19 pandemic and age bar, the apex court has said that no extra chance will be given to the UPSC candidates who exhausted their last attempt in October 2020.
  • The petitioners, who had given their last attempt in Civil Service Examination 2020, had sought an extra chance citing difficulties created by the coronavirus pandemic and the nationwide lockdown.
  • The petitioners argued that Covid-19 affected their preparation and sought an extra chance. They also wanted age-barred candidates to be given another chance.

Motera stadium re-named as Narendra Modi stadium

Date: 25 February 2021 Tags: Sports
  • The world’s largest cricket stadium, at Motera in Ahmedabad, was renamed as Narendra Modi Stadium. The old stadium with 49,000 seating capacity was known as Sardar Patel Cricket Stadium, Motera.
  • The inauguration was done hours before the start of the day-night third Test between India and England, the first international match at the new venue.
  • The stadium is part of sprawling Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Sports Enclave which will have the world’s largest cricket stadium, Natatorium, Athletics/ Track and Field/Football stadium etc.
  • The refurbished stadium at Motera in Ahmedabad is the dream project of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who had conceived it as President of GCA and Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2014 to demolish the old stadium completely and rebuild in its place a new one which would be the largest in the world with the best of facilities.