MIT scientists have revealed that their AI discovered an antibiotic compound, halicin, that can not only kill many forms of resistant bacteria but do so in a novel way.
Halicin wipes out bacteria by wrecking their ability to maintain the electrochemical gradient necessary to produce energy-storing molecules.
The scientists have already used their model to screen over 100 million molecules in another database, finding 23 candidates. They also hope to design antibiotics from scratch and modify existing drugs to increase their effectiveness or reduce their unintended side effects.
Japan’s space agency JAXA has approved a mission that will, if successful, achieve a new milestone for human space exploration.
The agency will launch the Martian Moon eXploration (MMX) mission in 2024,with the goal of plucking a sample from the Martian moon Phobos.
After studying the moons, MMX will return to Earth in 2029 carrying the small sample of Martian moon dust.
The MMX mission will feature 11 instruments including MEGANE, a NASA-funded tool designed to measure the elemental composition of each moon. As well, a small rover will be deposited on Phobos, where it will travel around and acquire data.