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News in Short

News in Short - 23-October-2021

US surgeons test pig kidney in humans

Date: 23 October 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • A pig kidney has been transplanted into a person for the first time without causing rapid rejection by the recipient’s immune system.
  • The operation was performed at NYU Langone Health in New York City and entailed the use of a pig whose genes had been changed such that its tissues no longer carried a chemical known to induce an almost instantaneous rejection.
  • Pigs have been the most recent focus of research to solve the organ scarcity, but a sugar in their cells that is alien to the human body causes rapid organ rejection.
  • The kidney used in this experiment originated from a gene-edited animal that was designed to remove that sugar while avoiding an immune system attack.

South Korea tests first domestically made space rocket

Date: 23 October 2021 Tags: Space
  • South Korea’s first domestically produced space rocket reached its desired altitude but failed to deliver a dummy payload into orbit in its first test launch.
  • The largest first state of Nuri, the core booster stage, was expected to land in the waters Southwest of Japan after the separation, and its second stage was expected to fall in the remote pacific waters east of the Philippines.
  • The ability would be crucial for the country's space ambitions, which include plans for sending more advanced communications satellites and acquiring its own military intelligence satellites.

PM Modi to participate in Climate summit

Date: 23 October 2021 Tags: Climate Change
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will travel to Glasgow on October 31 to attend the U.N. Climate Change Conference (COP26).
  • The decision comes even as climate negotiation delegations from the United States, the European Union and the United Kingdom travelled to Delhi to discuss India’s climate goals.
  • Mr. Modi and U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson are expected to jointly launch the “one world, one solar, one grid” initiative at the summit.

Pakistan retained in FATF grey list

Date: 23 October 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has retained Pakistan in the ‘greylist’ yet again, observing that it needed further action against U.N.-designated terror groups.
  • The FATF also announced the ‘greylisting’ of Jordan, Mali and Turkey, following the conclusion of the Plenary session.
  • Earlier this year, the U.S. had also expressed serious concern over the acquittal of those involved in the abduction and murder of journalist Daniel Pearl in 2002. Pakistan has been in the greylist since June 2018.

India crosses 100 crore vaccine doses

Date: 23 October 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • India gained access to the very exclusive club of nations which have administered 100 crore Covid-19 vaccine doses. Until now, China was the only country to have hit this milestone.
  • India began its nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, 2021. As per the Union government, 75 per cent of the eligible population in India has taken the first dose of a Covid-19 vaccine at present.
  • To mark the occasion, the Union Health Ministry held a series of events and released a two-minute and four-second video with rap and visual representation of the country’s fight against COVID-19.