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News in Short

News in Short - 19-January-2021

Greenhouse gas emissions to have regional effect on wildfires

Date: 19 January 2021 Tags: Climate Change
  • Scientists have assessed the influence of human activities on extreme fire weather risk, and found that greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution have distinct regional impacts on wildfire outbreaks.
  • The research analysed the climate under various combinations of human influences since 1920, isolating individual effects and their impacts on extreme fire weather risk.
  • The emissions raised the risk of extreme fire weather by 20% from preindustrial levels in western and eastern North America, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and the Amazon.
  • The study predicted that by 2080, greenhouse gas emissions are expected to raise the risk of extreme wildfire by at least 50% in western North America, equatorial Africa, Southeast Asia and Australia, while doubling it in the Mediterranean, southern Africa, eastern North America and the Amazon.

RBI to propose strict rules for shadow banks

Date: 19 January 2021 Tags: miscellaneous
  • The RBI is expected to set out proposals in a discussion paper next week, recommending that bigger shadow banks maintain a statutory liquidity ratio.
  • India's central bank is likely to propose tightening rules on "shadow banks" in a bid to strengthen solvency and sustainability.
  • The RBI is expected to set out proposals in a discussion paper next week, recommending that bigger shadow banks maintain a statutory liquidity ratio.
  • India's banks must maintain at least 18% worth of deposits that they must hold in cash, gold or government securities.
  • The RBI could also suggest large nonbanks be required to maintain a cash reserve ratio. For banks this ratio is 3%, reduced from 4% in a measure the central bank imposed that is to be reversed after March 31.

India’s first labour movement museum to come up in Kerala

Date: 19 January 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • The country's first Labour Movement Museum, showcasing the history of world labour movement, would be launched in Kerala's houseboat tourism hub, Alappuzha.
  • The museum will feature a huge repository of documents and exhibits that shaped the labour movements across the continents and impacted Alappuzha.
  • The Labour Movement Museum is the first such window in the country on the class struggle and spirited fight of workers.
  • Predating western colonialism, Alappuzha had a virtual monopoly over the production and shipping of coir made of coconut husk.
  • Alappuzha has a rich commercial and maritime heritage dating back to the ancient times and connected to distant lands. The Alappuzha Heritage Tourism project is conceived to bring this legacy before tourists, in which these museums are important components.

10% of CSIR staff exposed to Covid-19

Date: 19 January 2021 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • Survey tracking employees of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) on the prevalence of COVID-19 found that nearly 10% of the staff were infected.
  • About three-fourths of the respondents could not recall having experienced a single one of the symptoms commonly associated with the disease, and a vegetarian diet as well as smoking appeared to be “protective” against the infection.
  • An association between smoking and protection against SARS-CoV-2 has also been reported in studies in China and France.
  • Respondents were also tested with two different kinds of antibody tests to study the kinds of antibodies that were produced following infection. It usually takes a week to a fortnight after being infected for antibodies to be detected in the blood.

Famous singer Ghulam Mustafa Khan passes away

Date: 19 January 2021 Tags: Obituaries
  • Renowned Indian classical musician Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan passed away at the age of 89 in Mumbai. Khan had suffered a brain stroke in 2019 that left one side of his body paralysed.
  • His father, Ustad Waris Hussain Khan was the son of celebrated musician Ustad Murred Baksh, while his mother, Sabri Begum, was the daughter of Ustad Inayat Husain Khan, credited as the founder of the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana of music.
  • He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1991, followed by Padma Bhushan in 2006 and Padma Vibhushan in 2018.
  • In 2003, he was honoured with the Sangeet Natak Akademi award, the highest Indian recognition given to practicing artistes.