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News in Short

News in Short - 19-January-2020

Soybean oil may trigger genetic changes in Brain

Date: 19 January 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • Soybean oil not only leads to obesity and diabetes but may also affect neurological conditions like autism, Alzheimer's disease, anxiety and depression, report researchers from University of California Riverside.
  • In a study conducted on mice, the scientists found pronounced effects of the soybean oil on the hypothalamus where a number of critical processes take place.
  • The research team discovered nearly 100 genes, including the hormone oxytocin produced in hypothalamus, affected by the soybean oil diet.
  • They believe this discovery could have ramifications not just for energy metabolism,but also for proper brain function and diseases such as autism or Parkinson's disease.

NASA constructing homes made of fungi on moon and Mars

Date: 19 January 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • NASA is exploring technologies that could grow structures out of fungimycelia to become future homes in the stars, and perhaps lead to more sustainable ways of living on Earth as well.
  • Mycelia are tiny threads that build complex structures with extreme precision, networking out into larger structures like mushrooms
  • Ultimately, the project envisions a future where human explorers can bring a compact habitat built out of a lightweight material with dormant fungi that will last on long journeys to places like Mars.

New tumour driving mutations discovered

Date: 19 January 2020 Tags: Biotechnology
  • Researchers at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR) have discovered new regions of non-coding DNA that, when altered, may lead to cancer growth and progression.
  • The study method, ActiveDriverWGS, reveals novel mechanisms of disease progression that could lead to new avenues of research and ultimately to better diagnostic tests and precision therapies.
  • Although previous studies have focused on the two per cent of the genome that codes for proteins, known as genes, this study analyzed mutation patterns within the vast non-coding regions of human DNA that control how and when genes are activated.

Former cricketer Bapu Nadkarni passes away

Date: 19 January 2020 Tags: Obituaries
  • Former India all-rounder Bapu Nadkarni passed away in Mumbai due to age-related ailments at the age of 86.
  • The former Maharashtra captain was best known for bowling a record 21 maidens on the trot in a Test match against England.
  • He made his Test debut against New Zealand in Delhi in 1955 and played his last Test at Auckland against the same opponents in 1968.

Renaming tuberculosis control program

Date: 19 January 2020 Tags: Health
  • India’s TB control programme has got a change of name. It is no longer known as the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP), and has been rechristened as the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP).
  • The change in name is in line with the larger goal of eliminating the disease by 2025, five years ahead of the Sustainable Development Goals target.
  • The goal to end TB by 2025 got a much needed boost with the World Health Organization stating that the indigenously developed molecular test (TrueNat MTB) for diagnosing pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB and rifampicin-resistant TB has high diagnostic accuracy.