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News in Short

News in Short - 18-October-2020

Supreme court appoints former SC judge Madan B Lokur to monitor stubble burning

Date: 18 October 2020 Tags: Appointments & Resignations
  • The Supreme Court has appointed a one-man monitoring committee headed by former Supreme Court judge, Justice Madan B Lokur to address the issue of air pollution in the National Capital Region (NCR).
  • It also put him in charge of other bodies and agencies trying to do this — such as the statutory authority assisting the Court, the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority or EPCA.
  • The bench directed the Chief Secretaries of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi to render all assistance to Justice Lokur to enable physical surveillance of fields where stubble is likely to be burnt and devise additional means and methods for preventing the burning of stubble.

Gandhinagar to get National Authority of Ship Recycling

Date: 18 October 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous
  • A National Authority of Ship Recycling will be set up at Gandhinagar to overlook activities related to ship recycling, especially for Alang, which accounts for over 95 percent of the total ships recycled in India.
  • The decision came after the central government notified the Director General of Shipping as the National Authority for Recycling of Ships under Section 3 of the Recycling of Ships Act, 2019.
  • DG Shipping will look after sustainable development of ship recycling industry, monitoring the compliance to environment-friendly norms and safety and health measures for stakeholders working in the ship recycling industry.
  • Last year, the Parliament had passed The Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 which talked about setting up of a national authority that will monitor all activities related to ship recycling.

Kyrgyzstan President resigns

Date: 18 October 2020 Tags: Appointments & Resignations
  • Kyrgyz President Sooronbai Jeenbekov resigned after days of protests over a disputed parliamentary election.
  • Jeenbekov is the third president of Kyrgyzstan to be removed from office after a popular uprising since 2005. Demonstrations kicked off on October 4, when the opposition rejected the results of a parliamentary election in which Jeenbekov's allies claimed victory.
  • Kyrgyzstan hosts both a Russian military base and a large Canadian-owned gold mine. Moscow, which considers the former Soviet space to be its sphere of influence, had said it would be responsible for ensuring stability in Kyrgyzstan.

Global Hunger Index

Date: 18 October 2020 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • India has the highest prevalence of wasted children under five years in the world, which reflects acute under nutrition, according to the Global Hunger Index 2020.
  • The situation has worsened in the 2015-19 period, when the prevalence of child wasting was 17.3%, in comparison to 2010-14, when it was 15.1%.
  • Overall, India ranks 94 out of 107 countries in the Index, lower than neighbours such as Bangladesh (75) and Pakistan (88). The report is released annually by ConcernWorldwide and Welthungerhilfe.
  • It uses four parameters to determine its scores. India fares worst in child wasting (low weight for height, reflecting acute undernutrition) and child stunting (low height for age, reflecting chronic undernutrition), which together make up a third of the total score.

Tuberculosis notification down by 25% in India

Date: 18 October 2020 Tags: Reports & Indices
  • The COVID-19 pandemic, combined with impacts on care-seeking behaviour, threatens to reverse the recent progress in reducing the global burden of tuberculosis (TB) disease, the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned in the latest Global TB Report.
  • India accounts for 26% of TB cases in the world, the TB notifications during the period January-June 2020 in India fell by 25% compared to the same period in 2019.
  • The TB notifications in India in February this year increased compared with January but then reduced sharply in April to reach less than 40% of the January figure before increasing to reach about 75% of January figure in the month of June.
  • However, compared with Indonesia, Philippines, and South Africa, the dip in TB notifications has not been very sharp in India and the recovery after the dip has been more in India than the other three countries.